Heinrichs BE, Lawrence JM, Allin BD, Bowler JJ, Wilkinson CC, Ising KW, King DJ, Ptucha SJ (2001). Low-speed impact testing of pickup truck bumpers (2001-01-0893). In: Accident reconstruction: Crash analysis (SP-1572), pp. 187-209. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers.
The purpose of this paper was to compare the damage to pickup truck bumpers produced by vehicle-to-barrier and vehicle-to-vehicle collisions of a similar severity, in order to determine whether vehicle-to-barrier tests can serve as surrogates for vehicle-to-vehicle tests in accident reconstruction. Impact tests were conducted on the front and rear bumpers of five pickup trucks. Each truck was subjected to an impact with a fixed barrier and with a passenger vehicle. All impacts resulted in pickup truck speed changes of about 8 km/h. Damage produced in the barrier and vehicle-to-vehicle collisions was similar if both collisions resulted in bumper mount damage on the pickup truck. If there was no bumper mount damage, then the bumper beam deformation depended on the shape of the impactor.